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Unit Test Time Table Second Semester 2021-22


What is a municipality?  Information about the functions, powers and responsibilities of the municipality.

As part of the decentralization of power, the 7th and 8th amendments to the constitution have established local self-governing bodies such as villages, talukas, district panchayats as well as municipalities and corporations.

  There is a constitutional provision to divide the power and give power to autonomous bodies at the local level so that the people do not have to go to the upper office for small work.

  Municipalities and panchayats are there to provide maximum services to the people but as citizens we are being treated unfairly because we do not know the laws.

'EDUSAFAR' Whatsapp group works to spread legal awareness in which we will try to know about the municipality today.

* What is a municipality? *

A municipality is an organization of local self-government for the people, by the people, for the urban / tine area.

  The municipality has a certain extent and the people living in it come under the scope of that local administration.

The municipality mainly deals with the basic needs of the people starting from the development of the city, in return the municipality collects various taxes from the people.

In the year 19, the 7th amendment was made in the constitution and the 16th part was added in the constitution to provide for Nagar Panchayat, Nagarpalika, Mahanagarpalika.

  As per the provisions of the constitution, municipalities have been formed as per Gujarat Municipalities Act-19 in which a city with a population of 15 thousand to five lakhs is considered a municipality.

The number of members of the municipality ranges from nine to fifteen.

  The elected members of the municipality take oath before the Collector.

One of the elected members of the municipality becomes the president who is considered the chairman of the NPA.

* Municipal Duties *

* 1) Mandatory duties of the municipality: *

  Mandatory functions of the municipality include public hygiene and health,

Road maintenance and repair work,

  As well as building roads,

  Providing clean drinking water to the people,

  Arranging public street lights,

  System of primary education,

To perform civil safety and defense functions,

  To prevent food adulteration,

Dispose of dead animals,

  Registration of births, deaths and marriages,

Protect against natural disasters as well as manage health

  When it comes to the mandatory responsibility of the municipality

* 4) Mandatory duties of the municipality: *

  To build sports grounds in the discretionary functions of the municipality,

  To make gardens,

  Public baths,

  Public urinals,

  Public jajru,

  To erect and maintain a cemetery,

To create libraries as well as libraries,

  Establishing secondary schools,

Building a townhall,

  Arranging rainwater disposal,

Public transport system,

Create vegetable markets

It is a discretionary duty to do welfare work for the people, including entertainment.