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29-4-2021 Home Learning

29-4-2021 Home Learning Videos

The son of Swarup Rani and Motilal Nehru, a outstanding attorney and nationalist statesman, Nehru was once a graduate of Trinity College, Cambridge and the Inner Temple, the place he skilled to be a barrister. Upon his return to India, he enrolled at the Allahabad High Court and took an pastime in country wide politics, which finally changed his criminal practice. A dedicated nationalist considering his teenage years, he grew to be a rising determine in Indian politics at some point of the upheavals of the 1910s. He grew to be the outstanding chief of the left-wing factions of the Indian National Congress for the duration of the 1920s, and in the end of the whole Congress, with the tacit approval of his mentor, Mahatma Gandhi. As Congress President in 1929, Nehru known as for whole independence from the British Raj and instigated the Congress's decisive shift toward the left.

Home Learning Date: 29-4-2021


Std.3 Gujarati : Video
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Nehru and the Congress dominated Indian politics at some point of the Thirties as the u . s . a . moved in the direction of independence. His thought of a secular nation-state used to be apparently validated when the Congress swept the 1937 provincial elections and shaped the authorities in a number of provinces; on the different hand, the separatist Muslim League fared a whole lot poorer. However, these achievements had been severely compromised in the aftermath of the Quit India Movement in 1942, which noticed the British efficiently crush the Congress as a political organisation. Nehru, who had reluctantly heeded Gandhi's name for instant independence, for he had favored to guide the Allied struggle effort all through World War II, got here out of a prolonged jail time period to a a good deal altered political landscape. The Muslim League below his historic Congress colleague and now opponent, Muhammad Ali Jinnah, had come to dominate Muslim politics in India. Negotiations between Congress and Muslim League for strength sharing failed and gave way to the independence and bloody partition of India in 1947.

Nehru was once elected with the aid of the Congress to count on workplace as unbiased India's first Prime Minister, though the query of management had been settled as some distance lower back as 1941, when Gandhi mentioned Nehru as his political inheritor and successor. As Prime Minister, he set out to understand his imaginative and prescient of India. The Constitution of India was once enacted in 1950, after which he embarked on an formidable software of economic, social and political reforms. Chiefly, he oversaw India's transition from a colony to a republic, whilst nurturing a plural, multi-party system. In overseas policy, he took a main position in the Non-Aligned Movement whilst projecting India as a regional hegemon in South Asia.

Under Nehru's leadership, the Congress emerged as a catch-all party, dominating country wide and state-level politics and prevailing consecutive elections in 1951, 1957, and 1962. He remained famous with the human beings of India in spite of political troubles in his remaining years and failure of management at some point of the 1962 Sino-Indian War. In India, his birthday is celebrated as Children's Day.